Holes found in ATO guidance on major SMSF case
While the latest ATO guidance makes it clear that a breach will occur where an SMSF invests in residential property for the collateral purpose of leasing to an associate, it is unclear whether this is also the case for real business property, says a technical expert.
The ATO this week released its decision impact statement for the Full Federal Court decision of Aussiegolfa Pty Ltd (Trustee) v Federal Commissioner of Taxation.
In a judgement handed down in August, the Full Federal Court concluded that the leasing of a residential property held by a sub-fund, of which the SMSF was invested, to the daughter of the SMSF member was not a breach of the sole purpose test.
Speaking to SMSF Adviser, SuperConcepts general manager of technical services and education Peter Burgess said that the ATO’s decision impact statement makes it clear that whether the arrangement is on commercial terms is not the deciding factor from the ATO’s perspective.
“It is the purpose of making and maintaining a fund’s investments that is central to identifying whether there has been a breach of the sole purpose test, and to that end, whether the investment has influenced the fund’s investment policy,” Mr Burgess explained.
“In other words, where the trustees have recently amended the fund’s investment strategy to allow the fund to invest in residential property, or to increase the fund’s exposure to residential property, a breach of the sole purpose test will occur if the residential property, which presumably is owned by an uncontrolled unit trust which the SMSF has invested in, is then leased to a related party.”
This would be the case even if the related party pays rent at market rates, the GM said.
“Even though most SMSF investment strategies do allow some exposure to property, for these types of strategies to work, you would think the trustees would need to amend their investment strategy to allow a greater exposure to this asset class,” Mr Burgess said.
“If this is done for the collateral purpose of leasing the property to an associate, a breach of the sole purpose test will occur even where the associate pays rent at market value.”
While this particular case was about residential property, what will be interesting, according to Mr Burgess, is whether the ATO would take the same approach for business real property.
“That is, if the collateral purpose of leasing the commercial property to an associate of the fund influenced the fund’s investment policy, has a breach of the sole purpose test occurred?” he questioned.
In relation to the in-house asset rules, the ATO appears to reiterate the commissioner’s power under section 71(4) of the SIS Act to deem an asset to be an in-house asset, Mr Burgess said.
“This is me is a real sleeper and perhaps signals the ATO’s intention to use this power to curtail the use of aggressive unit trust strategies to circumvent the in-house asset rules,” the GM said.
Miranda Brownlee is the deputy editor of SMSF Adviser, which is the leading source of news, strategy and educational content for professionals working in the SMSF sector.
Since joining the team in 2014, Miranda has been responsible for breaking some of the biggest superannuation stories in Australia, and has reported extensively on technical strategy and legislative updates. Miranda has also directed SMSF Adviser's print publication for several years.
Miranda also has broad business and financial services reporting experience, having written for titles including Investor Daily, ifa and Accountants Daily.