SMSFs flagged on key evidence required from auditors for downsizer contributions
SMSFs will need to go through various hurdles when presenting evidence to the auditor to satisfy downsizer contributions, according to a law firm.
From 1 July 2018, if a member is 65 years old or older and meets the eligibility requirements, they may be able to make a downsizer contribution into superannuation of up to $300,000 from the proceeds of selling their home.
In a recent technical update, SUPERCentral executive consultant Michael Hallinan said that SMSFs can face various hurdles when it comes to presenting key downsizer evidence requirements when facing the auditor.
In an example, Bill and Mary have just successfully made downsizer contributions of $250,000 and $290,000 to their SMSF.
As the close of the financial year is fast approaching and Bill wants to impress the auditor of the fund with his record-keeping, Mr Hallinan said one of the first evidence which will satisfy the auditor (and, by default, the ATO) in relation to the downsizer contributions is (as a minimum)proof that they had attained age 65 at the time the downsizer contributions were made to the fund. This would require a copy of the driver’s licence, age card or passport.
“The age 65 requirement applies to the beneficiary of the downsizer contribution and not the maker of the contribution. However as they are both beneficiaries of downsizer contributions, they must have attained age 65 before the downsizer contribution was made,” he said.
“If Bill were 10 years younger, he could still make a downsizer contribution for Mary as she was the beneficiary of the contribution and she had attained age 65 by the time the contribution had been made. However, Bill could not make a downsizer contribution for himself (too young) and also Mary could not make a downsizer contribution for him (again, too young).”
It is also important to note that in the May 2021 budget, the government has proposed that, from 1 July 2022, this age 65 requirement will be replaced by an age 60 requirement.
SMSFs will also need to make sure their TFNs are in place as, generally, a super fund cannot accept a contribution from a member or by a third party for a member unless the beneficiary of the contribution has provided their TFN to the fund, according to Mr Hallinan.
The required proof could be a copy of the TFNs of Bill and Mary in the records of the SMSF or in their member admission documents.
SMSFs will also need to make sure that the trust deed of the SMSF permits the trustee to accept downsizer contributions.
“Normally, this proof is established by the terms of the trust deed. Most trust deeds of a super fund will have a provision dealing with contributions which can be made to the super fund,” Mr Hallinan noted.
“Sometimes, the provision can be quite general in nature covering all types of contributions or amount to a shopping list of specific types of contributions which can be made or both.
“If the trust deed contains a general contribution provision, then downsizer contributions must be covered by the general provision. If there is a shopping list of specific types of contributions, then downsizer contributions must be on that list.”
Arranging compliance evidence
The SMSF will also need proof that the ATO Downsizer Contribution form (NAT 75073) has been signed by the member that is the beneficiary of the contribution and not the maker of the contribution, dated and received by the trustee of the SMSF.
Mr Hallinan said this form must be given to the trustee of the SMSF at the same time as the downsizer contribution is made or before the downsizer contribution is made. If the form is received by the trustee of the SMSF after the downsizer contribution is made, then the contribution will not qualify as a downsizer contribution but be treated as a personal contribution.
“This form also contains space for the TFN and date of birth of the beneficiary of the contribution,” he said.
“The form also contains space to include the amount of the downsizer contribution. If the amount exceeds $300,000 (the maximum amount of a downsizer contribution), the excess above $300,000 will be treated as a personal contribution.
“If the downsizer contribution is made by electronic funds transfer, then transfer must be credited to the SMSF’s bank account on or after the ATO contribution form is received by the trustee. If the contribution is made by cheque, then the date of the cheque should be on or after the ATO contribution form is received by the trustee.”
If the fownsizer contribution was sourced from the sale proceeds of a qualifying Australian dwelling (that is, a dwelling which satisfies the main residence exemption) which has been owned for 10 years or more and the contribution is made within 90 days of settlement of the sale, Mr Hallinan noted this will be required as part of the evidence.
“This means strictly, the downsizer contribution does not have to be sourced from the sale proceeds, though typically it will be. The legislative requirement is that the downsizer contribution must be made within 90 days of settlement of the sale of the qualifying dwelling and the amount of the contribution must not exceed the capital proceeds of the sale,” Mr Hallinan explained.
“There also needs to be proof that there has not been an earlier downsizer contribution made in respect of the beneficiary, whether in the current financial year or a preceding financial year. This proof is satisfied by the beneficiary of the contribution confirming that no other downsizer contribution has been made for them.
“While not strictly required by the ATO, it is prudent that specialist written advice be provided to the trustee of the SMSF which confirms that all the applicable technical requirements have been satisfied.
“This written advice can be incorporated into the trustee resolution accepting the contribution and, so, form part of the trustee record for the transaction.”